Philosophy Discipline Courses

PHIL 101 Introduction to Philosophy (Units: 3)

Reflection on basic aspects of human experience, thought, and activity inspired by the writings of philosophers.

Course Attributes:

  • GE C3: Humanities: Literature

PHIL 105 Introduction to Philosophy and Religion (Units: 3)

The perennial quest for the sacred. Cosmological, psychological, and mystical teachings of the great Eastern and Western religious traditions.

Course Attributes:

  • GE C2: Humanities

PHIL 110 Introduction to Critical Thinking I (Units: 3)

Skills involved in understanding, criticizing, and constructing arguments--and providing foundation for further work not only in philosophy but in other fields as well.
(Note: In order for this course to satisfy General Education, students must earn a C- or CR or higher grade if taken fall 2014 or later.)

Course Attributes:

  • GE A3: Critical Thinking

PHIL 130 Political and Social Philosophy (Units: 3)

Liberal democratic theories of decision making and social policy: their place in the world today, their place in the history of social and political philosophy, and in radical and conservative political criticism.

Course Attributes:

  • GE D1: Social Sciences
  • SF State Studies: Amer Ethnic & Racial Minorities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 150 Contemporary Moral/Political Issues (Units: 3)

Theories of the good life, of ethics, of rights, and of justice, through the examination of contemporary moral issues: capital punishment, affirmative action, abortion, racial and sexual equality, privacy, pornography, and environmental protection.
(This course is offered as PHIL 150 and PLSI 150. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • GE C2: Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice
  • PHIL 150/PLSI 150

PHIL 160 Introduction to Philosophy of the Arts (Units: 3)

Art appreciation and criticism including the nature of beauty, artistic genius, and art as sign or symbol.

Course Attributes:

  • GE C1: Arts

PHIL 205 Formal Logic I (Units: 3)

Contemporary treatment of structure of arguments by means of sentential logic and quantifiers; comparison of axiomatic, natural deductive, and tree-method approaches.

PHIL 210 Great Thinkers: East and West (Units: 3)

Enduring philosophical questions about human nature and the cosmos as seen through the eyes of mankind's greatest and most influential thinkers, Eastern and Western.

Course Attributes:

  • GE C2: Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives

PHIL 230 American Political Philosophy (Units: 3)

Philosophical foundations of the values and practices of our law and society, from the nation's founders to philosophies of justice, equality, and rights today.

PHIL 301 Ancient Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: PHIL 110 and ENG 214 or equivalents.

Origins of Western philosophy in the Eastern Mediterranean region: from the presocratics to the Stoics, Epicureans, and Neo-Platonists, emphasizing Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Connections and contrasts between philosophy, natural science, myth, and religion.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities

PHIL 302 Medieval Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: PHIL 110 and ENG 214 or equivalents.

Medieval philosophy to the Renaissance--Augustine, Boethius, Aquinas, and related authors. Individuals, universals, community; personality, freedom, and nature; theory of signs, symbols, analogical models; labor and intellectual work; private property, law, and the common good.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities

PHIL 303 Modern Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: PHIL 110 and ENG 214 or equivalents.

Modern philosophy against the background of Protestantism, capitalism, the Enlightenment, and modern science to the end of the 19th century. Includes Descartes and continental Rationalism, British Empiricism, Kant; may include such topics as German and British idealism, positivism, and pragmatism.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities

PHIL 315 Introduction to Global Peace Studies (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: One lower-division composition course and sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor.

The field of peace studies and the integrative questions which must be answered to achieve a coherent perspective on world peace. National and international issues, the environment, philosophy, literature, arts, media, and education.
(This course is offered as GPS 315, I R 315, and PHIL 315. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Environmental Sustainability
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice
  • GPS 315/I R 315/PHIL 315

PHIL 320GW Philosophical Analysis - GWAR (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent with a grade of C- or better, and PHIL 110 or equivalent.

Analytic, interpretive and expressive written communication skills essential for philosophical study. (ABC/NC grading only.)

Course Attributes:

  • Meets Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement

PHIL 321 Being and Knowing (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

Introduction to some of the most important issues in metaphysics and epistemology through their treatment by classic and contemporary authors; e.g., mind and matter, thought, belief, perception, meaning, truth, knowledge, appearance, reality, freedom, and identity.

PHIL 330 Political Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: One lower-division composition course and sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor.

The forms, purposes, and justification of political orders; theories of human nature, value, and history. Foundations of political philosophy in the thought of such writers as Plato, Hobbes, Mill, and Marx.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 335 Law and Society (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: One lower-division composition course and sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor.

Relation between law and society, developed through the analysis of court cases centered on topics (capital versus labor, the individual versus the state) in their historical setting. Legal research.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-D: Social Sciences
  • SF State Studies: Amer Ethnic & Racial Minorities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 350 Philosophy of Science (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

Philosophy of science with attention to contemporary formulations.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-B: Physical and/or Life Science

PHIL 351 Philosophy of Risk (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing or consent of instructor.

Philosophical issues about risk assessment and risk management, with attention to their scientific and ethical dimensions. Philosophical analyses of cases such as climate change, energy consumption, water related environmental risks in California, allocation of scarce medical resources, and genetic testing.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-B: Physical and/or Life Science
  • SF State Studies: Environmental Sustainability

PHIL 355 Politics and Ethics of the Consumer Society (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing or consent of instructor.

Politics and ethics of consumption-oriented society; nature of industrial society; its structures, values, and consumption practices.
(This course is offered as PLSI 355 and PHIL 355. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-D: Social Sciences
  • SF State Studies: Environmental Sustainability
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice
  • PLSI 355/PHIL 355

PHIL 365 Science and Civilization (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: One lower-division composition course and sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor.

Role of science in modern civilization. Ethical aspects of science, scientific conceptions, and effects of science on the quality and direction of human existence.

PHIL 369 Philosophical Issues in Sexuality (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: One lower-division composition course and sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor.

Legal, moral, and conceptual issues concerning human sexuality. Rape, pornography, abortion, prostitution, homosexuality, marriage, promiscuity, perversion, sexual politics, sex and religion, and the language of sex.
(This course is offered as PHIL 369 and SXS 369. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice
  • PHIL 369/SXS 369

PHIL 375 Peace Law and Human Rights in the U.S. (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: One lower-division composition course and sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor.

Law of peace from the local to the international level; international treaties, covenants, statutes of Congress, legislatures, and city councils, criminal indictments, court affidavits, judges opinions, jury instructions, and relevant articles.
(This course is offered as GPS 375 and PHIL 375. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-D: Social Sciences
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice
  • GPS 375/PHIL 375

PHIL 378 Philosophy of Criminal Law (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: One lower-division composition course and sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor.

Philosophical examination of concepts and principles that are central to our criminal law, including investigation of whether there is a role for moral rationales.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 379 Philosophy of Constitutional Interpretation (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Study and critique the most influential attempts to devise philosophical justification of or motivation for particular theories of constitutional interpretation.

PHIL 380 Philosophy of Law (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Relationship of law and morality. Basis for legal accountability. Who should be accountable? For what? Why?

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 383 Ethics in Medicine (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Ethical issues in medicine and nursing: treating dying patients, right to health care, nurse/physician conflicts, health and basic values, freedom under new technology, and medical bureaucracy. Uses philosophical approaches to understand and to help resolve these problems. [CSL may be available; consult Index for page reference.]

Course Attributes:

  • GE E1: Lifelong Learning and Self-Development
  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 384 Philosophy of Research Ethics (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: ENG 114 or equivalent.

Principles, practice and philosophical foundations of research ethics, from the perspectives of researchers, subjects of research, and institutional research review board members. Includes focus on ethical research design.

Course Attributes:

  • GE E1: Lifelong Learning and Self-Development
  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 395 Ethical Issues: Science and Technology (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

Ethical issues arising from or intrinsic to the process of scientific research and development or from the implementation or commercialization of new technologies.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-B: Physical and/or Life Science
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 410 Topics in the History of Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: First year composition or equivalent.

Topic to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated when topics vary.

Topics:

  • Hume and Kant

    • A comparative study of the philosophies of David Hume and Immanuel Kant.

PHIL 415 The Hebrew Bible (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

The Hebrew Bible in English translation from historical, literary, and religious points of view; culture and religion of ancient Israel and the ancient Near East.
(This course is offered as JS 415 and PHIL 415. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • JS 415/PHIL 415

PHIL 425 Existentialism (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

An examination of the principal philosophical aims and theories of the Existential movement.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities

PHIL 430 Topics in Contemporary Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: First year composition or equivalent.

Topic to be specified in Class Schedule. Recent or contemporary philosophical development. May be repeated when topics vary.

Topics:

  • The Meaning of Life

    • Perspectives drawn from Eastern and Western philosophical, religious and spiritual traditions, on the place of human existence in the universe and how our lives can be meaningful.

PHIL 432 Nietzsche and Postmodernism (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214.

Examines the most radical implications of Nietzsche's critique of western humanism. Close reading of major writings by Nietzsche and selected "postmodern" readings of Nietzsche.
(This course is offered as HUM 432 [formerly HUM 367] and PHIL 432. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • HUM 432/PHIL 432

PHIL 434 Arendt and Heidegger (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: First-year composition or consent of instructor.

Hannah Arendt, a student of Heidegger, is renowned in her own right as philosopher and political theorist. In a comparative study explore the relationship of their ideas, and question the extent to which she was disciple or critic.
(This course is offered as HUM 434, JS 414, and PHIL 434. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • HUM 434/JS 414/PHIL 434

PHIL 435 Human Rights in Global Perspective (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

Law and philosophy of human rights; philosophical issues and controversies about rights, historical development, major problems in implementing rights, and the international human rights movement.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 436 Islamic Political Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

There is a long and rich tradition of political philosophy in the Islamic cultures of the Middle East. A comprehensive introduction to Islamic political philosophy.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 445 Sex and Morality (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Ethical theory and its applications to sexual conduct, therapy, and research. Fundamentals of moral augmentation; complicated, morality-laden issues associated with sexuality.
(This course is offered as PHIL 445 and SXS 469. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • GE E1: Lifelong Learning and Self-Development
  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • PHIL 445/SXS 469

PHIL 450 Ethics (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing; one lower-division composition course; or consent of instructor.

Major problems in ethical theory with attention to their contemporary formulations.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 451 Feminist Moral Issues (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing or consent of instructor.

Moral or ethical issues of concern to the contemporary women's movement. These include abortion ("pro-choice" vs. "pro-life"), pornography and censorship, hetero- and homosexuality, marriage, motherhood, and affirmative action ("reverse discrimination").

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Amer Ethnic & Racial Minorities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 452 Nature of Morality (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Exploration of historically significant philosophical conceptions of the nature of morality.

PHIL 455 Sex and the Law (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 114 or equivalent.

Philosophical investigation of legal issues pertaining to sexuality. Legal enforcement of morals and of specific cases and statutes regarding marriage, sex discrimination, abortion, rape, homosexuality, pornography, pedophilia, and other sex related activities.
(This course is offered as PHIL 455 and SXS 569. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice
  • PHIL 455/SXS 569

PHIL 460 Philosophy of Art (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Problems in aesthetics; contemporary formulations.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives

PHIL 464 Philosophy and Film (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: ENG 114 or equivalent.

Philosophical concepts as treated in films, and philosophical issues raised by the nature of film. Philosophical concepts in ethics, epistemology, metaphysics, and aesthetics.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 470 Environmental Ethics (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Completion of GE Areas A and B4 requirements (formerly GE Segment I).

Exploration of how different philosophers, religions, and cultures understand our relationships to the environment. Applying ethical paradigms to the analysis of environmental problems and proposals for solutions.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Environmental Sustainability
  • SF State Studies: Social Justice

PHIL 494 Philosophy and Personal Development (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing or consent of instructor.

For many philosophers, East and West, philosophy's basic task is to change our orientation to the world and, thus, how we live our lives. This course is devoted to studying and exploring different philosophical methods of personal development and enrichment.

Course Attributes:

  • GE E1: Lifelong Learning and Self-Development
  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities

PHIL 500 Philosophy of Religion (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

The nature and function of fundamental religious concepts and claims.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities

PHIL 501 Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 114 or equivalent.

Beliefs, practices, social organization, and history of the three monotheistic religious traditions; importance of these traditions for European and Middle Eastern civilizations.
(This course is offered as JS 501, PHIL 501, and HUM 501. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • JS 501/HUM 501/ PHIL 501

PHIL 502 World Religions (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Major religions of mankind, their history and teachings: Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives

PHIL 509 The Buddhist Tradition (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

An introduction to the basic teachings of Buddhism and the major Buddhist traditions in Asia. Among the topics to be discussed are ignorance, paths to enlightenment, meditation, morality, faith, and wisdom.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives

PHIL 511 Chinese Philosophy and Religion (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Major philosophical and religious traditions of China. Topics include the I Ching, Confucianism, Taoism, and Chinese Buddhism.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities

PHIL 514 Kabbalah and Mysticism in the Jewish Tradition (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 114 or equivalent.

The spiritual life and various ways in which Jews have sought spiritual resources from Jewish tradition. Topics include: Kabbalah, Jewish renewal, feminist spirituality, grieving the Holocaust.
(This course is offered as JS 410 and PHIL 514. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • JS 410/PHIL 514

PHIL 516 Islamic Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

Examines three interrelated issues: the purpose of philosophy, the good life, and the limits of human reason. Also examined is Islamic philosophy's confrontation with the Islamic traditions of theology, jurisprudence, and mysticism.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives

PHIL 517 Islamic Mysticism (Units: 3)

An examination of the mystical teachings of Sufism. This is not a survey course but a concentrated effort to approach some of the central Sufi ideas about humanity, God, and the structure of reality.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives

PHIL 525 The Nature of Religious Experience (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 114 or equivalent.

Nature of religious experience drawn from different religions and academic disciplines within the humanities and social sciences; investigation of the meaning of religious commitment in a secular world.
(This course is offered as PHIL 525 and RELS 300. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • GE E1: Lifelong Learning and Self-Development
  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • SF State Studies: Global Perspectives
  • PHIL 525/RELS 300

PHIL 530 Selected Religious Thinkers (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

Author or work to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated on advisement.

Topics:

  • Transformative Knowledge

    • Exploration of the writings of religious thinkers of different times who engage with the idea of transformational knowledge or "gnosis."

PHIL 540 Selected Issues in Religious Thought (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 214 or equivalent.

Topic to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated when topics vary.

Topics:

  • The Concept of God

    • Examination of concepts of God in representative cultures and traditions. Search for a new understanding of the larger, generally ignored or unexamined metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical assumptions associated with the idea of God.

PHIL 552 Judaism: Religion and Text (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 114 or equivalent.

The manner and process of external/internal influences that move Jewish thought; the matters with which the rabbis and particular Jewish philosophers have concerned themselves.
(This course is offered as JS 425 and PHIL 552. Students may not repeat the course under an alternate prefix.)

Course Attributes:

  • UD-C: Arts and/or Humanities
  • JS 425/PHIL 552

PHIL 605 Metaphysics (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing or consent of instructor.

Metaphysical problems such as those of substance, cause, space, time, and God.

PHIL 610 Theory of Knowledge (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing or consent of instructor; useful background: PHIL 300.

Theories of knowledge with attention to their contemporary formulations.

PHIL 611 Philosophy of Perception (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: PHIL 110 and ENG 214 or equivalents.

Philosophical problems in relation to perception with specific attention to contemporary formulations: role of sensations, nature of perceptual content, embodiment of perceptual experience.

PHIL 620 Philosophy of Mind (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 114 or equivalent.

Conceptions of the mental and of its relation to the physical, with attention to their contemporary formulations.

PHIL 621 Minds, Brains and Computers (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: First-year composition.

Contemporary theories of the mind as a brain process and as a computational process. Foundations and approaches in the cognitive neurosciences.

Course Attributes:

  • UD-B: Physical and/or Life Science

PHIL 630 Philosophy of Language (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: ENG 114 or equivalent.

Philosophical problems associated with language and symbolism with attention to their contemporary formulations.

PHIL 640 Actions and Practical Reasoning (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Sophomore or higher standing, or consent of instructor and one lower-division composition course.

Practical reasoning is about how to act. What is the nature of actions, and how are they different from mere behavior? What is the nature of practical reasoning and how is it related to motivation?

PHIL 680 Field Project in Philosophy (Units: 1 - 3)

Prerequisite: Upper division standing or consent of instructor; may be taken with PHIL 699.

Supervised community or university service project related to the student's philosophical studies. Must be arranged through an undergraduate adviser and with an approved agency.

PHIL 681 Publishing Philosophy (Units: 1 - 3)

Prerequisite: Major or minor in philosophy or consent of instructor.

Supervised experience in various components of publishing philosophy journals and books; may focus on publishing journal articles/book chapters, editing volumes/special journal issues, book review editing, or publishing translations. May be repeated for a total of 6 units. (Credit/No Credit grading only.)

PHIL 685 Projects in the Teaching of Philosophy (Units: 1 - 4)

Prerequisite: Completion of course in which the student will assist with a minimum grade of B.

Training in teaching philosophy is provided both by discussion of pedagogy with the instructor of a target course and by mentoring and other appropriate activities. (Students may earn a maximum of 4 units toward the baccalaureate degree for any course(s) numbered 685 regardless of discipline.)

PHIL 691 Reading Circle (Unit: 1)

Prerequisite: Satisfaction of the Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement (GWAR), 12 units of upper division philosophy courses, and consent of instructor.

Close reading of an important and difficult philosophical text, with attention to issues of interpretation.

PHIL 694 Philosophical Logic Workshop (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: PHIL 205 or consent of instructor.

Focus on puzzles and paradoxes raised in seminal philosophical papers in the twentieth century and their impact on analytic philosophy, with reference to the history of modern logic.

PHIL 695 Advanced Logic Workshop (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Introduction to Symbolic Logic or consent of instructor.

Logic (theory and applications) beyond propositional/predicate calculus, such as sets and sequences, completeness, decidability and adequacy, incompleteness, many-valued logics, intentional logic, induction, conditionals, proof, contradiction, or validity.

PHIL 696 Directed Reading: Learning Outcomes (Unit: 1)

Prerequisites: Senior standing and consent of instructor.

Individualized course enables students, together with the faculty, to assess their learning outcomes. Students submit early and recent essays from previous classes and reflective essay on development of their own skills and knowledge. (CR/NC grading only)

PHIL 699 Independent Study (Units: 1 - 3)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

An advanced study of a selected philosophical problem under the direction of instructor. May be repeated.

PHIL 700 Seminar in Selected Problems (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Topic to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated when different problems are studied.

Topics:

  • Philosophical Problems of Classification and Kinds

    • Survey of philosophical approaches to individuation, classification, identity, and naming. Emphasis on the role of kind terms and kind concepts in contemporary science and contemporary philosophy of science. Historical perspectives and interdisciplinary concerns discussed.
  • Philosophy and Prophecy

    • Contemporary relevance of theories and prophecy in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Philosophy. Interplay of epistemological, moral and metaphysical aspects, focusing especially on treatment of tensions between theory/practice, freedom/authority, reason/imagination, knowledge/intuition, and mind/world.
  • Philosophy of Human Nature

    • Philosophical approaches to recent scientific claims about what it means to be human. Questions include innateness? Do humans all have something in common? how the roles of heredity, development and social learning interact in conceptualizing human nature?
  • Seminar on Embodied Cognition

    • Critical examination of theories of cognition grounded in the embodiment of cognitive processes with special focus on extended and enacted cognition paradigms.

PHIL 702 Philosophy of Culture, Language and Society (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Philosophy or consent of instructor.

Philosophical examination of culture, language, and society, drawing on both continental and analytic traditions. Ontology and ideology as explored by, for example, Kant, Hegel, Adorno, Althusser, Austin, Butler, Foucault, Habermas, Horkheimer, Searle, and others.

PHIL 715 Seminar in Philosophical Writing (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Admission to the graduate program in philosophy.

Advanced analytic, interpretive, and expressive skills essential to the writing, reading, and study of philosophy. Cannot be used to satisfy the "four-seminar" requirement.

PHIL 717 Projects in the Teaching of Philosophy (Units: 1 - 3)

Prerequisites: Two semester courses in the history of philosophy, a course in ethics, a course in symbolic logic, and an advanced course in epistemology or philosophy of science.

Individual projects under faculty supervision undertaken in conjunction with teaching assignments in undergraduate courses. Research and reports of research on the aims and methods of teaching philosophy to undergraduates. May be repeated for a total of 6 units.

PHIL 718 Teaching Philosophy (Unit: 1)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Workshops and individual conferences prepare students to teach Philosophy in the Graduate Teaching Associate program. May be repeated. (May not be applied to the Philosophy M.A. degree.) (CR/NC grading only.)

PHIL 720 Professional Development for Philosophers (Unit: 1)

Prerequisite: Approved ATC; restricted to philosophy graduate students.

Survey of professional development strategies, including preparing applications to Ph.D. programs, standardized test preparation, professional engagement through conferences and publications, and applying philosophical skills to a variety of workplaces. (CR/NC only)

PHIL 725 Philosophical Foundations of Law (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

What is the nature of law? How is law different from mere coercion, and from morality? What place if any do moral considerations have in the workings of a legal system?

PHIL 760 Seminar in Philosophy of Art (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Problems and theories in contemporary philosophy of art, or aesthetics.

PHIL 770 Seminar in a Classical Author (Units: 3)

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Author to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated when different works are studied.

Topics:

  • Aristotle's Ethics

    • A study of Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics, with attention to the metaphysical and psychological bases of his ethical theory in the Metaphysics and De Anima.
  • Descartes

    • Seminar devoted to the critical reading of Descartes' Discourse on the Method Mediations on First Philosophy, Principles of Philosophy, and Passions of the Soul and philosophical letters. Current scholarly debates.
  • Foucault on Care of the Self

    • Examination of Michel Foucault's later ethical turn and his concern with the importance of ancient philosophical spiritual exercises as "arts of existence" or techniques for the constitution of the self.
  • Heidegger's Being and Time

    • Principal task is to engage in close reading of Being and Time (mainly the first division), with special attention paid to its oft overlooked ethical aspects. Some of the prevailing readings of Being and Time are also examined and assessed.
  • Kant

    • Study of major works of Immanuel Kant: The Critique of Pure Reason and The Critique of Practical Reason.
  • Kant and Sellars

    • Sellars is one of the twentieth century's most influential thinkers, and was deeply influenced by the philosophy of Immanuel Kant; understanding of each of these great philosophers by studying how they relate to one another.
  • Myth of the Given

    • A study of Sellars's famous attack on the Myth of the Given, followed by various appropriations of his Hegelian-spirited project by the "Pittsburgh school," i.e., Brandom's inferentialist approach and McDowell's neo-empiricism.
  • Philosophy of David Hume

    • Seminar devoted to the critical reading of Hume's Treatise of Human Nature, supplemented with other related works by Hume, such as his Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals.
  • Philosophy of Hegel

    • Analysis of Hegel's The Phenomenology of Spirit and some of its influences on later philosophers.
  • Plato and Aristotle: Categories and Conceptions o

    • Investigation of Plato's and Aristotle's categories and conceptions of being, with special attention to issues of ontology, metaphysics, philosophy of language and philosophy of mind in their philosophical frameworks.
  • Plato and Platonism

    • The principal works of Plato with an emphasis on the genesis and development of his thought, its place in the history of ancient philosophy and culture, and on the enduring tradition of Platonism.
  • Wittgenstein

    • Graduate seminar which elucidates and criticizes Wittgenstein's treatment of a wide range of topics relevant to the work of philosophers. A few examples: language games, following rules, the meaning of expressions, and mental states.

PHIL 772 Seminar in a Classical School (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Topic to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated when different schools are studied.

Topics:

  • Confucian and Buddhist Philosophy

    • Examination of key philosophical themes in the ethics and metaphysics of Buddhism and classical Confucianism, as well as their synthesis in neo-Confucianism.
  • Hellenistic Philosophy

    • An in-depth knowledge of philosophy in the Hellenistic period, especially Epicurean, Stoic, and Skeptical thought; insight into contemporary disciplinary approaches to the study of Ancient Greek and Roman philosophy.
  • Seminar in Cartesianism

    • A study of the philosophical movement known as Cartesianism, beginning with some of the major works of its founder (Descartes) and ending with the decline of its German variant, the Leibniz-Wolff School, in the late 18th century.

PHIL 781 Leading Philosophers in Philosophical Conversation (Unit: 1)

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Focus on the current work of a leading philosopher who will visit class. Students engage in conversation with the philosopher, develop critiques of work, present their critiques to philosopher, who responds to each at length. Each offering will feature a different guest philosopher. May be repeated for a total of 3 units. (CR/NC grading only)

PHIL 795 Early Modern Philosophy (Units: 3)

Analysis of two or more early modern philosophers, ranging from the canonical (e.g. Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Hume) to the newly recovered (e.g. Astell, Reid). Attention to one or more particular themes: individuation, perception, science, faith, morality, women, and similar topics.

PHIL 796 Late Modern Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Analysis of two or more Late Modern philosophers. Readings from Early Modern philosophers and post-Kantians may also be included. Attention to one or more particular themes: mental representation, individuation, perception, science, and similar topics.

PHIL 805 Seminar in Metaphysics (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Topic to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated when different problems are studied.

Topics:

  • Cognitive Perspectives on Space and Time

    • How do we represent space and time? What are the most influential philosophical accounts of the way in which we represent space and time? These philosophical questions will be addressed in detail.
  • Graduate Seminar on Essentially Indexical Informat

    • Focus on essentially indexical information, which self-locates a subject at a specific place and time, and touches upon issues in metaphysics and epistemology concerning the relevance of so-called "centered worlds".
  • Social Ontology

    • Seminar focuses on the metaphysical aspects of social reality, such as the nature of social institutions, the relationship between social structures and kinds of people, and the nature and role of collective intentionality and agency.

PHIL 810 Seminar in the Theory of Knowledge (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Problems in epistemology.

PHIL 811 Seminar in Philosophy of Perception (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Fundamental issues in the philosophy of perception, such as nature and cognitive function of perceptual content. Investigation of mutual relevance of philosophical debates on perception and studies in the cognitive sciences.

PHIL 820 Seminar in the Philosophy of Mind (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

In-depth study of important issues in the philosophy of mind, such as intentionality, mind/body relation, consciousness, thought, and perception.

PHIL 830 Seminar in Philosophy of Language (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Philosophical problems associated with language and symbolism, with in-depth study of recent advances in the field.

PHIL 850 Seminar in the Philosophy of Science (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Problems of philosophy of science.

PHIL 851 Feminist Ethics and Political Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Central themes, developments, and debates in feminist ethics and political philosophy and their critiques of the mainstream canon. Relationship between feminist philosophy and current issues.

PHIL 852 Twentieth Century Metaethics (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Comprehensive introduction to and exploration of the history of metaethics in the twentieth century. Foundation for understanding current cutting edge philosophical work on metaethics.

PHIL 856 Normative Ethics (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Examination of recent attempts to improve consequentialist and Kantian ethics. Consideration of the so-called anti-theory stance in ethics, according to which systematic ethical theorizing is counter-productive and should be avoided.

PHIL 857 Philosophy of Action (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

What happens when a person acts? How is action different from mere behavior? Does the difference lie in the degree to which a person exercises control or autonomy over his behavior? How is autonomy related to normative reasoning?

PHIL 858 Contemporary Political Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Investigation of salient issues in contemporary political philosophy.

PHIL 881 Advanced Philosophy Publishing (Units: 1 - 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Philosophy or consent of instructor.

Supervised experience in various components of publishing philosophy journals and books; may focus on publishing journal articles/book chapters, editing volumes/special journal issues, book review editing, or publishing translations. May be repeated for a total of 6 units. (Credit/No Credit grading only.)

PHIL 890 Seminar In Current Issues in Philosophy (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Topic to be specified in Class Schedule. May be repeated when topics vary.

Topics:

  • Environmental Ethics

    • Examination of main theoretical positions in environmental ethics, including anthropocentrism, animal liberation, ecocentrism, as well as feminist, anti-racist, and postcolonial critiques of these positions. Emphasis on practical value of environmental ethics for contemporary environmental issues.
  • Epistemology of Simulation

    • Philosophical and epistemological issues related to the epistemic function of simulations both in scientific investigation and in models of cognitive activity.
  • Evidence and Reliability

    • Exploration of issues related to reliability and its evidential basis in science, using philosophy of science sources as well as studies in reliabilist epistemology and social epistemology.
  • Idealism Then and Now

    • Analysis of various forms of historical and contemporary idealism. Historical sources may, for example, include Hume"s representational idealism, Kant"s transcendental idealism, and Hegel"s absolute idealism; contemporary sources may include Sellars" scientific realism, McDowell"s Aristotelian realism, and Brandom"s linguistic idealism.
  • Innateness Then and Now

    • Analysis of historical and contemporary sources on the topic of innateness. Historical sources may include Descartes, Locke, Hume, and Kant. Contemporary sources may include Fodor, Prinz, and Sellars.
  • Issues in Political and Social Philosophy

    • Issues in social and political philosophy, focusing on new directions in these philosophical fields.
  • Learning from Error

    • Philosophical contemporary views on the probabilistic use of data to produce knowledge and learn by focusing on the risk of error.
  • Philosophy of Experimentation

    • Current issues relating to the epistemology of science, with emphasis on modeling, measurement, and experimentation. Focus on scientific practice, with special attention to the entanglement and mutual feedback between modeling and experimentation.
  • Philosophy of Moral Psychology

    • Focus on traditional philosophical concepts of human functioning, such as agency and character, and the presuppositions of various ethical theories about the possibility and value of certain kinds of moral motivation.
  • Realism and Naturalism

    • Themes of realism and naturalism as they arise in contemporary metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics
  • Science and the Self

    • Current and recent philosophical approaches to the Self which take different forms in different areas: philosophy of perception, cognitive science, and philosophy of logic and language. Focus on how first-person perspectives relate to scientific representation.
  • Virtue Epistemology

    • Examination of origins and developments in virtue based approaches to knowledge, related topics in virtue ethics, epistemic value and personal character.
  • Virtue Ethics

    • Investigation of advanced problems in moral philosophy to which virtue ethics is often applied, including moral motivation, moral perception, the ethics of character, and the place of the emotions and desires in moral judgment.
  • Well-Being

    • Investigation of two neglected issues in ethics: What is the nature of well-being? How is well-being related to the moral good? Consideration of several influential historical and contemporary attempts to answer these questions.

PHIL 891 Graduate Reading Circle (Unit: 1)

Prerequisite: Six units of graduate level philosophy courses and consent of instructor.

Close reading of an important and difficult philosophical text, which pays attention to place of text in history of philosophy and to issues of interpretation. May be repeated for a total of 3 units. (CR/NC grading only.)

PHIL 896 Directed Reading in Fundamental Philosophical Texts (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.

Directed reading in depth and detail of fundamental philosophical texts. Course culminates in a written examination after end of semester but before beginning of subsequent semester.

PHIL 898 Master's Thesis (Units: 3)

Prerequisite: Advancement to candidacy (ATC) for the Master of Arts in Philosophy.

Consent of instructor and approval of Advancement to Candidacy (ATC) and Culminating Experience (CE) forms by Graduate Studies. ATC and Proposal for Culminating Experience Requirement forms must be approved by the Graduate Division before registration. (CR/NC grading only.)

PHIL 899 Independent Study (Units: 1 - 3)

Prerequisite: Consent of the graduate major adviser and the supervising faculty member.

Study is planned, developed, and completed under the direction of a member of the faculty. Open only to graduate students who have demonstrated ability to do independent work. Enrollment by petition. May be repeated.